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To judge from the history of mankind, we shall be compelled to conclude that the fiery destructive passions of war reign in the human breast with much more powerful sway than the mild and beneficent sentiments of peace; and that to model our political systems upon speculations of lasting tranquility would be to calculate on the weaker springs of human character.

– Alexander Hamilton, Federalist No. 34, January 4, 1788.



Experience is the oracle of truth: and where its responses are unequivocal, they ought to be conclusive and sacred.

James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, Federalist 20, December 11, 1787.